There are three main types of electric vehicles (EVs): battery electric vehicles (BEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).
Battery electric vehicles, or BEVs, power vehicles through an electrical car battery pack. The electric battery powers the motor, which turns the wheels of the BEVs. When depleted, the batteries are recharged using grid electricity, either from a wall socket or a dedicated charging unit.
Cars powered by batteries do not require oil changes because there is no oil needed by the engines. Also, the brakes on an electric vehicle last longer than a gasoline car by reversing the electrical motor instead of applying mechanical friction. Battery electric vehicles don’t run on gasoline or diesel, and are instead powered entirely by electricity. These types of cars and trucks are considered “all-electric” vehicles.
Not using gasoline or diesel also means that electric cars are much cheaper to fuel than mechanical vehicles. Exact comparisons depend on the vehicle model and fuel prices, but electric vehicle batteries can save drivers over $1,000 annually in gasoline money.
Most electric vehicles are currently capable of about 100 miles of driving before they need to be recharged. If you need a longer range, there are some exceptions such as the Tesla Model S, which can travel about 250 miles on a charge
Electric vehicle batteries (EVBs) are guaranteed to last at least eight years and 100,000 miles. Almost all car manufacturers warrant a battery life within this time frame. Eight years or 100,000 miles is the standard lifespan for most EVBs. Lithium-ion and Lithium polymer battery, are the most common types of EVs because of the high energy density compared to the weight.
On average an electric car with a 60kWh battery takes only under 8 hours to charge from empty to full with a 7kW charging point. A couple of plug-ins a week will keep the vehicle fully charged.